A matter of gravity


A matter of gravity
Map of planetary field is sharpest ever

By: Alexandra Witze
Web edition : Tuesday, April 5th, 2011

As seen by a supersensitive gravity-detecting satellite, Earth isn’t a pale blue dot. It’s a colorful, irregular lump. Kind of like a tuber.

“Rotating potato — I don’t like this word,” said Roland Pail, a geoscientist at the Technical University of Munich. He and other researchers unveiled the new map of the Earth’s gravity field on March 31 at a scientific workshop in Munich.

Yet a rainbow potato it is. This image represents a sort of theoretical sea level known as the “geoid” — a surface where the ocean would rest if not pushed around by internal currents, tides and the weather.

Gravity varies from place to place because of many factors, such as the presence of mountain ranges, the bulge around Earth’s equator, and the moon’s gravitational influence. The new snapshot comes from the European Space Agency’s GOCE satellite, launched in 2009 to map the geoid. GOCE dances along at the top of the atmosphere, using six special accelerometers to measure, many times a second, how the Earth’s gravity tugs on the spacecraft.

A highly accurate gravity map will allow researchers to fine-tune their understanding of ocean currents, sea level height, ice caps and other changing parts of the planet.
Rotating potato or insight into the planet’s deepest secrets? This new map of the Earth’s gravity field, gathered by the European GOCE satellite, shows how, in regions such as Iceland and Indonesia, the planet’s internal structure creates large gravitational deviations (yellow and red) from the average.

Rotating potato or insight into the planet’s deepest secrets? This new map of the Earth’s gravity field, gathered by the European GOCE satellite, shows how, in regions such as Iceland and Indonesia, the planet’s internal structure creates large gravitational deviations (yellow and red) from the average.

Rangkuman Buku Ilmu Pengetahuan Populer Rahasia Otak Cemerlang Rangkaian Aktifitas Ringan untuk Melatih Kerja Otak


Rangkuman Buku Ilmu Pengetahuan Populer Rahasia Otak Cemerlang Rangkaian Aktifitas Ringan untuk Melatih Kerja Otak

IDENTITAS BUKU
• Judul buku : Rahasia Otak Cemerlang Rangkain
Aktifitas Ringan Untuk Melatih Kerja Otak
• Pengarang : Eric Jensen
• Penerjemah : Sugianto Yusuf
• Perwajahan Isi : Malikas
• Adaptasi Perwajahan Sampul : Pagut Lubis
• Jumlah Halaman : 165 halaman
• Isi pokok buku :
– Bab 1 : Aktifkan otak yang selalu segar
– Bab 2 : Mempelajari makna dari beragam konteks
– Bab 3 : Umpan balik spesifik untuk mempercepat pembelajaran
– Bab 4 : Semua bekerja – tidak ada yang boleh bermain-main
– Bab 5 : Belajar dengan perasaan
– Bab 6 : Keluar dari “Kotak Belajar” keramat
– Bab 7 : Singkirkan kendala dalam belajar
– Bab 8 : Belajar secara aktif
– Bab 9 : Belajar dari kegagalan
– Bab 10 : Kurikulum terpadu dan kontekstual
– Bab 11 : Permainan lempar-tangkap membantu prose’s berpikir
– Bab 12 : Biarkan murid menciptakan makna mereka sendiri
– Bab 13 : Gunakan kedua sisi otak dalam proses belajar
– Bab 14 : Lebih banyak pertanyaan ketimbang jawaban
– Bab 15 : Tantangan otak
– Bab 16 : Ciptakan kenangan mengesankan tentang ruang
– Bab 17 : Belajar secara aktif II
– Bab 18 : Belajar secara visual dan periferal
– Bab 19 : Kekuatan musik yang sesungguhnya
– Bab 20 : Atasi kebosanan dengan hal-hal baru dan menyenangkan
– Bab 21 : Baris-berbris membantu otak mempelajari rahasia keberhasilan
– Bab 22 : Tambah tekanan positif, kurangi tekanan negatif
– Bab 23 : Permainan membantu perkembangan otak
– Bab 24 : Siklus belajar
– Bab 25 : Pemicu aktifitas motorik otak
– Bab 26 : Pemantapan dan otak
– Bab 27 : Perkuat proses belajar dengan mengulang kembali
– Bab 28 : Kekuatan pesan bawah sadar
– Bab 29 : Jenis kelamin dan siklus belajar
– Bab 30 : Belajar secara aktif III
– Bab 31 : Kurikulum dan perkembangan otak
– Bab 32 : Biarkan otak beristirahat
– Bab 33 : Hasrat sebagai pengganti hadiah dan suap
– Bab 34 : Strategi pendisiplinan yang masuk akal
– Bab 35 : Rahasia pilihan
– Bab 36 : Hollywood, aku datang!
– Bab 37 : Kurangi tindakan yang bersifat mengancam
– Bab 38 : Perbanyak “Prouk Sampingan” proses belajar
– Bab 39 : Belajar dengan kedua sisi otak
– Bab 40 : Mengembangkan, bukan memenuhi
– Bab 41 : Belajar bukanlah hal yang mudah
– Bab 42 : Pemicu belajar
– Bab 43 : Biarkan mereka membentuk kelompok, jangan memberi cap
– Bab 44 : Jangan menciptakan suasana belajar yang tanpa daya
– Bab 45 : Selamat datang di tengah-tengah panggung
– Bab 46 : Simon says beraksi lagi
– Bab 47 : Mencari tantangan
– Bab 48 : Rangsang Input bukan semata Output
– Bab 49 : Pentingnya memulai dan mengakhiri
– Bab 50 : 1..2..3.. Tukar tugas!
– Bab 51 : Siklus belajar
– Bab 52 : Beragam strategi untuk mengingat kembali secara lebih baik
– Bab 53 : Peran air dalam prose’s belajar
– Bab 54 : Keuatan alat peraga dan peta
– Bab 55 : Manfaat aroma dalam proses belajar
– Bab 56 : Biarkan otak mencerna gagasan baru
– Bab 57 : Istirahat tetapi tetap aktif
– Bab 58 : Makanan yang baik sangat membantu proses blajar
– Bab 59 : Belajar lebih baik lewat diskusi bebas
– Bab 60 : Lingkungan yang kaya baik bagi proses belajar
– Bab 61 : S-A-T: Bukan Sekadar Ujian
– Bab 62 : Mempertajam kemampuan visual otak
– Bab 63 : Pilihan lingkungan untuk para murid
– Bab 64 : Cara menarik perhatian otak
– Bab 65 : Tertawa dan belajar
– Bab 66 : Manfaatkan perpustakaan pengetahuan dalam pikiran dan badan
– Bab 67 : Perhatikan tempat duduk murid
– Bab 68 : Terlalu panas untuk belajar?
– Bab 69 : prospek yang lebih cerah dalam proses belajar
– Bab 70 : Akustik dan proses belajar
– Bab 71 : Tahap pengendapan
– Bab 72 : Tujuan yang jelas memperbaiki prestasi
– Bab 73 : Ciptakan kenangan tak terlupakan
– Bab 74 : Dorong percepatan proses belajar dengan perkenalan dini
– Bab 75 : Tahukah para murid akan apa yang mereka ketahui?
– Bab 76 : Aktivator yang cerdas untuk mengembangkan Auditory Cortex

Rangkuman isi buku :
Beragam permainan sangat baik untuk otak, tetapi permainan yang melibatkan pemecahan masalah adalah aktifitas yang paling baik untuk perembangan otak. Masalah masalah yang harus dipecahkan harus memenuhi syarat-syarat sebagai berikut : baru, menantang, tidak mengancam dan merangsang emosi.
Apa yang sering kita sebut sebagai “makna yang mendalam” sebenarnya terjadi karena sel-sel semakin terhubung dan menemukan celah baru ke sel-sel lain. Makin banyak cara kita mempelajari sesuatu-dalam beragam konteks, dengan kepandaian berbeda, lewat rangsangan emosi dengan bantuan beragam media-makin baik. Pengalaman yang luas akan membantu kita mengingat kembali apa yang telah kita pelajari secara lebih mudah di masa yang akan datang.
Permainan anak-anak adalah cara yang bagus untuk mengulang materi pelajaran. Sejumlah permainan melibatkan pengulangan dan hafalan, permainan lain juga cocok untuk meningkatkan hormon penyebab rasa nyaman dalam otak, seperti dopamine dan norepineferin. Dalam kadar yang tepat,“dopin” biologis ini meningkatkan kapasitas memori dan kognisi.
Situasi emosional dapat memicu sikap aktif dan pasif. Menjalin hubungan emosi dengan materi pelajaran merupakan cara utama untuk menyampaikan makna materi pelajaran itu-perasaan yang terbangun juga akan mendorong perhatian dan motivasi. Akhir kata, proses belajar akan jadi lebih berkesan jika disertai dengan perasaan yang kuat.
Otak menyukai rangsangan, perubahan, dan hal-hal baru. Sayangnya, sebagian besar guru dan pelatih lebih menyukai kontrol dan keniscayaan. Padahal, keniscayaan yang berlebihan akan menimbulkan masalah disiplin. Membangunkan otak dengan udara segar (satu atau dua menit pun sudah cukup) adalah hal mudah. Ajak murid ke tempat yang tidak biasa dan gairahkan kembali pikiran serta minat belajar mereka. Gerakan fisik dan perubahan rutinitas akan merangsang minat.
“Kendala belajar” adalah apa pun yang terjadi di otak. Penyebab yang paling umum adalah adanya pengetahuan yang saling bertentangan, bersaing, dan salah yang bersifat kompleks dan sulit diubah. Memperbaiki pengetahuan yang salah dengan pengetahuan yang lebih terarah dan baru, memang makan waktu lama. Perasaan juga dapat menciptakan kendala. Jika kita mempunyai ingatan yang sangat kuat akan perasaan negatif, muncul neurotransmitter yang bersifat menghambat dan menghalangi terjadinya hubungan (pelajaran baru menjadi tidak dapat diserap). Kunci untuk menyingkirkan kendala-kendala ini adalah dengan mengenalinya dan melakukan proses belajar lewat cara lain yang lebih terbuka.
Ada banyak alasan untuk melibatkan murid secara fisik. Umumnya, murid mempunyai banyak tenaga dan menyukai suasana belajar yang penuh warna. Alasan terakhir adalah karena gerakan kinestetik melibatkan perasaan, membangun keterampilan pemecahan masalah, dan membantu proses belajar dengan mengendapkan informasi yang diterima dalam otak untuk mempermudah pengingatannya kelak.
Belajar bisa dilakukan lewat berbagai cara. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa manusia mempelajari ilmu deklaratif (pengetahuan eksplisit yang bisa dibagikan kepada orang lain) dari kegagalan masa lalu. Dengan kata lain, sukses pada usaha yang pertama tidak memberi kita pelajaran baru, tetapi kegagalan mendorong kita untuk belajar secara lebih baik di masa yang akan datang. Kegagalan dapat dijadikan suatu strategi belajar yang hebat jika diikuti dengan penyesuaian diri selama proses pengulangan daripada sekedar bicara dan mengeluhkan.
Ada banyak cara untuk belajar. Belajar dari konteks kehidupan nyata, seperti pergi ke pasar malam atau mengunjungi panti jompo akan dapat menghasilkan lebih banyak informasi bagi otak daripada pengetahuan yang diberikan tanpa konteks, atau informasi yang tidak utuh serta disajikan sepotong demi sepotong. Di dalam kelas, buatlah pelajaran semenantang dan senyata mungkin.
Dalam permainan kerja otak, permainan lempar tangkap mendorong pemecahan masalah, kerja sama, pencarian diri, dan pergerakan fisik. Ada kesempatan untuk berpikir dan bertindak cepat dalam sebuah lingkungan yang sama. Permainan ini sangat cocok dimainkan oleh sejumlah tim beranggotakan lima sampai enam murid dengan posisi saling berhadapan dalam lingkaran berdiameter delapan kaki. Gunakan benda yang tidak berbahaya. Setelah permainan berlangsung sekitar dua menit, minta masing-masingtim mengubah tujuan (misalnya dengan saling bertanya tentang sesuatu yang telah mereka pelajari minggu lalu). Setelah dua menit, ganti lagi tujuan mereka. Permainan sebaiknya tidak lebih dari enam menit.
Otak lebih terbuka terhadap pertanyaan tentang pengetahuan baru daripada jawabannya. Karena rasa penasaran adalah suatu keadaan jiwa yang khas dan menyebabkan perubahan pada posisi badan serta gerakan mata. Selain itu, rasa penasaran juga meningkatkan reaksi kimia yang sangat membantu dalam proses belajar dan mengingat kembali. Saat kita bertanya kepada diri sendiri, otak akan terus memproses pertanyaan itu meskipun jawaban sudh didapat. Intinya, pencarian ilmu pengetahuan-bukan pengetahuan itu sendiri-adalah hal yang selalu menarik.
Kita belajar tanpa sengaja, bahkan sering tanpa menyadarinya. Lain masalahnya dengan menyadari sejauh mana kita menguasai suatu ilmu-yakin, tahu bahwa kita mengetahuinya. Umumnya, orang tidak menyadari cara mereka memperoleh pengetahuan yang mereka kuasai atau apa yang harus mereka lakukan untuk memperbanyaknya. Akan terlihat bahwa murid yang akhirnya mampu menangkap dan memahami suatu konsep yang diajarkan dengan baik atau memecahkan permasalahan yang disodorkan akan menunjukkan ekspresi dan bahasa tubuh yang menunjukkan rasa puas ketika menemukan jawaban yang mereka cari dalam percobaan yang mereka lakukan

The Best Universal Remote of All: Your Phone


Technologizer
The Best Universal Remote of All: Your Phone
By Harry McCracken

In 1973, a Motorola engineer named Martin Cooper invented the mobile phone. Almost forty years later, we continue to quaintly refer to the descendants of his breakthrough as “phones,” even though that name doesn’t begin to convey their awesome versatility. Sure, you can still make calls on today’s smart phones. But they’re also Web browsers, cameras, camcorders, media players, musical instruments, navigation systems, game boxes, memory aids, and a whole lot more. And nifty new ways to use them arrive daily.

Of all the tricks that phones can do, nothing appeals to me more than using them as truly universal remote controls, capable of doing everything from unlocking doors to adjusting the thermostat to starting your car. All of this is possible right now — but only with high-tech door locks, thermostats, and cars that most of us don’t yet have. So I keep coming back to a more mundane application that’s easier to make happen: using a phone to control a TV and related accouterments such as a cable set-top box and DVR. (See a photographic history of cell phones.)

Most of the many products that let you do this are modernized twists on the traditional universal remotes that have been around since the 1980s — the ones that bulge with buttons for every possible purpose. The L5 Remote, for instance, is a $59.95 infrared adapter that plugs into an iPhone’s Dock Connector, so you can point your phone at your TV and other electronics to control them. Like a classic universal remote, you can configure the L5 Remote’s app to work with whatever devices you’ve got. But you can also customize it by picking and choosing buttons and shuffling them around onscreen into a layout that makes sense to you.

Ultimately, though, phone-based remote controls that simply mimic the buttons from a traditional remote on a phone’s touchscreen aren’t thinking big enough. Why replicate such an ungainly interface when a phone is capable of so much more?

Enter Peel, a $99.95 remote system that works with iPhones, iPod Touches, and iPads, with support for Android phones on the way. Created by former Apple engineers, it’s an ambitious hardware-and-software combo that aims to free you not only from juggling multiple remotes but also from the tyranny of onscreen programming guides that organize thousands of shows and hundreds of channels into a monotonous grid that does nothing to help you find what you want to watch. (Especially if, like me, you can never remember if SyFy is channel 68, 293, or 759.) (See a video on Verizon vs. AT&T iPhone plans.)

Peel isn’t perfect, but it’s the most thorough rethinking of what a remote control should be since Logitech’s Harmony introduced the idea of programming a universal remote over the Internet a decade ago. If you’re intrigued but don’t want to plunk down a hundred bucks to try it, you can download the software from Apple’s App Store for free; you’ll just have to change the channels yourself with the remote control you already have.

At the moment, Peel works with the iPhone and iPod Touch; an Android version is in the works. The hardware includes a little infrared transceiver — Peel calls it a Fruit, though it looks like a shrunken bowling ball to me — that you place within line-of-sight range of your TV, set-top box, and other entertainment gear. It runs off a C-cell battery, so you don’t need to plug it into the wall. Wireless communications between your iPhone and the Fruit are established by the Peel Cable, a hot dog-shaped doohickey that plugs into your Wi-Fi router. This all may sound a tad complicated, but it took me about five minutes to set up, and I didn’t need to futz with Wi-Fi passwords or other networking arcana. (I did, however, later find that I had to fiddle with the precise positioning of the Fruit and the cable to ensure reliable communications.) (See the iPad’s best bet for competition.)

Within moments of trying Peel for the first time, I was discovering shows and movies I wanted to watch — ones I’d never have found if left to my own devices. Unlike the L5 Remote and its direct competitors, Peel doesn’t just put Channel Up and Channel Down buttons on your phone and expect you to use your set-top box’s programming grid to locate stations and shows. Instead, it uses the iPhone’s screen to create its own guide to what’s on, organized into sections such as first-run movies, comedy shows, and sports, plus a section of Top Picks tailored to your interests. The interface is exquisite, with photos and logos rather than endless rows of plain text.

Besides TVs and set-top boxes, Peel can control DVRs, DVD players, Internet TV gizmos like Apple TV and Roku, and other devices that may sit in your entertainment system. In these instances, the on-phone program guide doesn’t come into play — you can’t see what’s on Apple TV on your phone, for example — but the app is still handy. Gestures such as swiping up to increase the volume and down to lower it let you keep your eyes on the TV. (See if you can be in love with your gadgets.)

I did find Peel’s behavior odd at times — it only shows the name of the channel a show is on for today’s programs, for instance, and the search feature doesn’t always return results for programs on future days. (Peel says it’s working on an update with improved search.) The thumbnail photos it uses to show what’s playing on other stations are so minuscule that it can be tough to tell whether one depicts Glenn Beck or Lucille Ball. And I wish that it had a mode that’s at least slightly more akin to a traditional programming grid. There are times when you just want to know what’s on Bravo at 10pm, and while it’s possible to ascertain that by searching, it’s not the app’s forte.

Even in this initial incarnation, though, Peel points the way towards a brighter future. The plasticky, unintuitive remote controls that we’ve lived with for so long are clearly headed for the dustbin of consumer-electronics history — and I can’t wait until they’re gone.

McCracken blogs about personal technology at Technologizer, which he founded in 2008 after nearly two decades as a tech journalist; on Twitter, he’s @harrymccracken. His column, also called Technologizer, appears every Thursday on TIME.com.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,2072502,00.html#ixzz1MpItanxR

The Schwarzenegger Kids: Coping with Parental Betrayal in the Public Eye


The Schwarzenegger Kids: Coping with Parental Betrayal in the Public Eye
By Bonnie Rochman Thursday, May 19, 2011

Now that Arnold Schwarzenegger has officially confirmed he’s not much for monogamy, it’s hard to know who’s got the rawer end of the deal: his four children with Maria Shriver or the young boy conceived with the family housekeeper.

Infidelity is hard enough for kids to process, but when a dalliance yields a secret half sibling, it complicates matters significantly, raising questions of love and loyalty. It’s still unclear whether the newly acknowledged son — whose gap-toothed smile and square jaw make him a miniature, if less muscled, dead ringer for his biological father — knew that Schwarzenegger was his father. On May 16, former housekeeper Mildred Patricia Baena told the Los Angeles Times that her then husband had fathered her son.

(More on TIME.com: See why powerful men compulsively cheat.)

But Schwarzenegger’s admission of paternity scuttled that carefully constructed fabrication. On May 18, CNN reported that the son he fathered with Baena was born within days of Schwarzenegger and Shriver’s youngest son, who is 13. If the boy knew the truth of his parentage all along, he must be reeling, partly humiliated, partly vindicated. If he had no idea, he’s probably trying to synthesize this week’s developments with the last 13 or so years of his existence.

“What if this kid is reading all this stuff and finding out he’s a heartbreak just by being born?” says Linda Cavallero, an 
associate professor of clinical psychiatry at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. “That’s a kick in the head.”

The calculations are not all that different from those of a child who learns in his teens that he’s adopted — the caveat in this case, of course, being that the boy finds out his mother’s former employer doubles as Dad.

(More on TIME.com: See the top 10 celebrity-relationship flameouts.)

“It requires a redefinition of identity,” says Richard Warshak, the author of Divorce Poison: How to Protect Your Family from Bad-Mouthing and Brainwashing and a clinical professor of psychology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

There’s likely a lot of redefining going on among Schwarzenegger’s four children with Shriver. While CNN reports that they weren’t blindsided by the news, having been briefed “methodically” beforehand by their mother, it’s undeniable that children of any age need stability. The maelstrom of the past few days has provided anything but. To add to the otherworldliness of the situation, the Schwarzenegger children probably already know their half sibling; it’s hard to imagine Baena working for the family for 20 years without revealing her son.

Now all five kids — ranging in age from 13 to 21 — are left trying to piece back together the notion of parental respect. It’s a process that any child who’s been publicly disappointed or humiliated by a parent — think adulterer, Ponzi schemer, porn star — has to go through.

(More on TIME.com: See pictures of the career of Arnold Schwarzenegger.)

Patrick Schwarzenegger, for example, seems to have been sufficiently embarrassed. He changed his last name — temporarily and on Twitter, at least — to his mother’s. Posting on Twitter as Patrick Shriver, the 17-year-old repurposed a line from “Where’d You Go?,” a Fort Minor song: “Some days you feel like s—, some days you want to quit and just be normal for a bit, yet i love my family till death do us apart.”

Meanwhile, his older sister Katherine tweeted, “This is definitely not easy but I appreciate your love and support as i begin to heal and move forward in life. I will always love my family!”

The younger kids — Schwarzenegger’s youngest child with Shriver is 13 — are apt to be more shocked because early adolescents still see parents as all-powerful; older children, meanwhile, are less naive. They can appreciate the complexity of the situation.

(More on TIME.com: The Case for Letting Your Partner’s Eye Wander)

“They can understand that somebody might be mostly good but do some things that aren’t good,” says Cavallero. “Where to the 13-year-old it could be much more shocking, the older ones are kind of like, This sucks, but at least they can get their heads around it.”

Mostly, though, it’s important for the children to realize that although Schwarzenegger disappointed his family, he’s not the enemy. “Their task is to put this new information into the entire context of their history with their dad,” says Warshak. “Parents are not defined only by their worst mistakes. These children have lost an idealized image of their father, and it would be best if they don’t lose the ability to love and receive love from him.”

That’s more likely to happen if Shriver can avoid encouraging their kids to take sides. Her brief statement on May 17 did that, highlighting her role as their caregiver. “As a mother, my concern is for the children,” she said. “I ask for compassion, respect and privacy as my children and I try to rebuild our lives and heal.”

(More on TIME.com: Can Your Mate’s Voice Be a Clue to Potential Cheating?)

Of course, the public lens that is trained on the whole fiasco doesn’t make things any easier: it can be difficult to privately assimilate a family’s new reality when the entire world is weighing in.

Cavallero couldn’t help but think of Chelsea Clinton soldiering through the Monica Lewinsky incident, recalling her “crying and saying, ‘Why is this happening to me?’ ”

“As a psychologist, I think about children in situations like that,” says Cavallero. “When [Bill Clinton] was President, [Chelsea] got a lot of benefits. But she also experienced the opposite. Anyone else’s father who is unfaithful doesn’t have to go on TV.”

* Related Topics:
Arnold Schwarzenegger, betrayal, children, half-brother, infidelity, Love & Family, maria shriver, Mildred Patricia Baena, Parenting, Parenting

Read more: http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/19/the-schwarzenegger-kids-dealing-with-parental-betrayal-in-the-public-eye/#ixzz1MpHNs6zK

Arnold Schwarzenegger with his son Patrick

Obama Struggles to Keep Pace with the Mideast Mess


Obama Struggles to Keep Pace with the Mideast Mess
By Massimo Calabresi Thursday, May 19, 2011

Listening to the commentary, you might think President Obama’s Thursday speech was an important moment in Middle East history. It was a “hugely important speech today” said Wolf Blitzer on CNN in the run-up; Obama to “Reset” Mideast policy declared US News.

But in coming months, Obama’s speech is more likely to look like a scramble by the White House to catch up with events in the region. Even when substance elbowed out rhetoric, Obama’s policy positions — on the Palestinian-Israeli peace process, economic support and human rights — all struggled to keep pace with challenges facing the region.

Obama’s statement that the 1967 borders should serve as the basis for a Palestinian state is significant to some observers. That language has been the basis for two-state talks since the late Clinton administration, but no President has ever said it explicitly, out of deference to Israel’s negotiating position. But unveiling tacit agreements have had minimal effect on peace in the past. In 2007, George W. Bush declared what everyone already knew: that the U.S. supported the creation of a state called Palestine. His ensuing efforts at peace ended with a new war in Gaza.

The economic aid Obama announced is sorely needed, but it will not shape the future of the region. Rather, it is a response to the past. The new U.S. aid to Egypt will amount to nearly $2 billion. Aid from international financial institutions will amount to a similar amount or slightly more. But since the uprisings in the region began in January, economies there have tanked. In Egypt, the economy is forecast to shrink by between $3.75 billion and $6.2 billion this year alone, thanks to lost tourism and other disruptions.

And on human rights, Obama’s tougher language on Syria — he said “the Syrian regime has chosen the path of murder” and touted newly announced sanctions — fell short of where his secretary of state and vice president have positioned themselves. Obama did not to say that President Bashar al Assad has lost legitimacy as a ruler.

These moves are not damaging. And it may have been better for Obama to make them than not. But the real criticism of Obama’s speech may be that each of these positions might have made a greater difference if they’d been staked out earlier.

That is particularly true of the Israeli-Palestinian fiasco. Obama spent two years focusing on a settlement freeze and resisted putting out any U.S. language on borders. Now, as Palestinians and Israelis careen toward confrontation this summer in the run-up to a Palestinian unilateral declaration of statehood in the fall, the effect of Obama’s declarations is limited at best.
Related Topics: Clinton, israel, mideast, obama, Palestine, state department, Diplomacy

Read more: http://swampland.time.com/2011/05/19/in-highly-touted-speech-obama-struggles-to-keep-pace-with-the-mideast-mess/#ixzz1MpFszaWw

Example of photography


So guys, i’ve already posted the a few literature about photography, just for additional knowledge :)

Now, i gotta post the example image of photography that i’ve been found in google, ha ha :D
enjoy :)

Beautiful ,isn’t it? oh that’s the photography of a profesional, different with me x_x
Next time, i’ll post my photography in Bali! ;)

Gallery

Hello Kitty


Hi guys.. i’m one of the biggest fans of this cartoon ,yeah it’s Hello Kitty! Almost all people in the whole world know about this cutie kitty. Now just check it out ,i already browsed a few information about Hello Kitty and it’s stuffs. Hope you like it guys ,hope you enjoy it ;)

Hello Kitty
Hello Kitty (ハローキティ, Harō Kiti?) (full name Kitty White) is a fictional character produced by the Japanese company Sanrio, first designed by Yuko Shimizu. The character is a staple of the kawaii segment of Japanese popular culture. The character is portrayed as a female white Japanese bobtail cat with a red bow. The character’s first appearance on an item, a vinyl coin purse, was introduced in Japan in 1974 and brought to the United States in 1976. This debut came under the Sanrio company lineup, where her various products are still developed and sold.

The Hello Kitty trademark has since spread globally and developed licensing arrangements worth more than $10 to $500 billion annually. Although mainly aimed at the pre-adolescent female market, the Hello Kitty product range goes all the way from purses, stickers and pen sets to toasters, televisions, clothing, massagers, and computer equipment. It has a cult-like following among adults as well, especially in Asia, where Hello Kitty adorns cars, purses, jewelry and many other high-end consumer products. A Hello Kitty anime, targeted towards young children, has also been produced. Examples of products depicting the character include dolls, stickers, greeting cards, clothes, accessories, school supplies, dishes and home appliances. Her fame as a recurring Sanrio character has led to the creation of two officially licensed Hello Kitty theme parks, Harmonyland and the indoor Sanrio Puroland.

Character design
A spokesperson for Sanrio says that Hello Kitty is not normally given a mouth because “without the mouth, it is easier for the person looking at Hello Kitty to project their feelings onto the character” and that “the person can be happy or sad together with Hello Kitty.” There has been some suggestion that Hello Kitty has its origins in Maneki Neko, and that the name Hello Kitty itself is a back-translation of Maneki Neko, which means beckoning cat in English.

Official character profile
# Full name: Kitty White
# Birthday: November 1
# Blood type: A
# Height: 5 Apples
# Weight: 3 Apples
# Place of birth: In the suburbs of London, England
# Favorite food: Mama’s homemade Apple Pie
# Favorite word: “Friendship”
# Description: A bright and kind-hearted girl, good at baking cookies and loves Mama’s apple pie. Very close to her twin sister Mimmy.

Products
Hello Kitty can be found on a variety of consumer products ranging from school supplies to fashion accessories. These products range from everyday items to rare collectibles. The products of Hello Kitty are based on the original TV series.

Financial products
As of 2009, Bank of America began offering Hello Kitty-themed checking accounts, where the account holder can get cheques and a Visa debit card with Kitty’s face on it. MasterCard debit cards have featured Hello Kitty as a design since 2004.

High end products
Sanrio and various corporate partners have released Hello Kitty-branded products, including the Hello Kitty Stratocaster electric guitar (since 2006, with Fender in the US) and even an Airbus A330-200 commercial passenger jet airliner, dubbed the Hello Kitty Jet (2005-2009, with EVA Airways in Taiwan).

2009 marked the collaboration between apparel and accessory brand Stussy and Hello Kitty. Stussy worked with Hello Kitty on collection focusing on the Hello Kitty character with Stussy signature graphics. This collection included T-shirts, keychains, and hoodies.

In 2010, Hello Kitty entered the wine market with collection made up of four wines available for purchase online, continuing an expansion of products targeted at older audiences.

Jewelry
In Spring 2005, Simmons Jewelry Co. and Sanrio announced a co-branded jewelry licensed partnership. “Kimora Lee Simmons for Hello Kitty” was launched exclusively at Neiman Marcus prices ranging from $300 to $5000 Designed by Kimora Lee Simmons and launched as the the initial collection. The jewelry is all hand-made, consisting of diamonds, gemstones, semi-precious stones, 18K gold, Sterling silver, enamel and ceramic.

In Fall 2008, Simmons Jewelry Co. and Sanrio debuted a collection of fine jewelry and watches named “Hello Kitty® by Simmons Jewelry Co.” The collection launched with Zales Corporation to further expand the reach of the brand, and it developed accessories to satisfy every Hello Kitty fan. The designs incorporate colorful gemstones and sterling silver to attract a youthful audience with retail prices starting at $50.

Music
Hello Kitty has her own branded album, Hello World, featuring Hello Kitty-inspired songs performed by a collection of artists, including Keke Palmer and Cori Yarckin.[15]

Hello Kitty was also chosen by AH-Software to become a Vocaloid. The choice was attributed to the fact it was their 50th year anniversary.

Video games
Numerous Hello Kitty games have been produced since the release of the first title for NES in 1992; however, the majority of these games were never released outside of Japan. Hello Kitty also has made cameo appearances in games featuring other Sanrio characters, such as the Keroppi game, Kero Kero Keroppi no Bōken Nikki: Nemureru Mori no Keroleen. Special edition consoles such as the Hello Kitty Dreamcast, Hello Kitty Game Boy Pocket, and Hello Kitty Crystal Edition Xbox have also been released exclusively in Japan.

Establishments
here is a themed restaurant named Hello Kitty Sweets in Taipei, Taiwan. The restaurant’s decor and many of its dishes are patterned after the Hello Kitty character.

In 2008, a Hello Kitty-themed maternity hospital opened in Yuanlin, Taiwan. Hello Kitty is featured on the receiving blankets, room decor, bed linens, birth certificate covers, and nurses’ uniforms. The hospital’s owner explained that he hoped that the theme would help ease the stress of childbirth.

Hello Kitty is included as part of the Sanrio livery at the Japanese theme parks Harmonyland and Sanrio Puroland.

Reception
he Hello Kitty brand rose to greater prominence during the late 1990s. At that time, several celebrities, such as Mariah Carey, had adopted Hello Kitty as a fashion statement. Newer products featuring the character can be found in a large variety of American department stores.

The Dutch artist Dick Bruna, creator of Miffy, has suggested that Hello Kitty is a copy of Miffy, being rendered in a similar style, stating disapprovingly in an interview for the British paper The Daily Telegraph:

‘That,’ he says darkly, ‘is a copy [of Miffy], I think. I don’t like that at all. I always think, “No, don’t do that. Try to make something that you think of yourself.

In May 2008, Japan named Hello Kitty the ambassador of Japanese tourism in both China and Hong Kong, which are two places where the character is exceptionally popular among children and young women. This marked the first time Japan’s tourism ministry had appointed a fictional character to the role.

UNICEF has also awarded Hello Kitty the exclusive title of UNICEF Special Friend of Children.

Hello Kitty’s popularity has been waning in Japan for over a decade. In 2002, Hello Kitty lost her place as the top-grossing character in Japan in the Character Databank popularity chart and has never recovered. In the most recent survey, she is in third place behind Anpanman and Pikachu from Pokémon.

In popular culture
In 1999, a brutal murder known as the Hello Kitty murder took place in Hong Kong. The popular name of the case derives from the fact that the murderer inserted his victim’s head into a Hello Kitty doll after decapitating her.

As of August 2007, Thai police officers who have committed minor transgressions such as showing up late or parking in the wrong place are forced to wear pink Hello Kitty armbands for several days as penance.

During the financial crisis of 2007–2010, a poster of a Hello Kitty pre-paid debit card expanded to roughly 1 meter in length was displayed on the floor of the US Senate by Senator Byron Dorgan as a demonstration of extreme methods used by credit companies to attract “children 10 to 14 years of age”. Though not an actual credit card, it was criticized for its promotional website encouraging users to “shop ’til you drop.”

You can see a few image about Hello Kitty, it’s watch, it’s bag, it’s shoes, it’s store ,and other stuffs in the gallery ;)
for more images, you can also visit my website ;)

Gallery

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